Excessive exfoliation of the skin on the scalp leads to dandruff. Even though it is absolutely normal for the skin to exfoliate, it becomes a problem when it happens more than necessary. In this condition, the skin of the scalp peels off of the scalp and settles on the shoulder or floats visibly on the hair of the affected person. The white dusty and flaky bits that peel and come off the scalp are the fragments of the superficial stratum corneum. The flakes become even more noticeable when the said person is wearing clothing of deeper shade or has darker hair. It almost becomes an eyesore and gives off a foul look. Infrequent use of shampoo and inadequate scalp hygiene worsens the problem.
Causes and treatment of Dandruff
Even though dandruff is harmless, its symptoms are very bothersome. Keeping aside social embarrassment, there is constant and uncomfortable itchiness on the scalp accompanied by inflammation. One of the most common causes of dandruff is seborrheic dermatitis. Although the reason why seborrheic dermatitis occurs is yet to be known, it is suspected that a yeast named Malassezia furfur might have a significant role to play. The most probable areas to be affected by seborrheic dermatitis are mid-chest, mid-back, ears, face, and scalp.
Dandruff is one of the most common effects of seborrheic dermatitis on the scalp. Seborrheic dermatitis makes the skin itchy, inflamed, and more susceptible to scale, and the scale, when accumulated, is called dandruff. However, there are numerous other inflammatory diseases like psoriasis, allergic contact dermatitis, etc, that might be responsible for dandruff.
How can a Dandruff Lotion help you treat Dandruff?
Although dandruff is incurable, it can be managed with the help of a dandruff lotion. Dandruff lotion helps keep the scalp free of the causes of dandruff and keep dandruff at bay. Numerous brands are available to sell lotions with ingredients that help with dandruff. Here are a few common ingredients that an effective dandruff lotion uses in order to fulfil the purpose:
● Ketoconazole reduces fungal infections
Ketoconazole has been clinically proven to be effective in the treatment of fungal infections. The dandruff-causing yeast, Malassezia furfur, is triggered by many factors, including environmental and genetic. The increase in cell turnover and inflammation caused by this yeast is the primary cause of dandruff. Ketoconazole is an anti-fungal medication, kills Malassezia furfur, resulting in a reduction of dandruff and itching caused by dandruff due to slower shedding of scalp skin. Moreover, it also reduces hair fall due to inflammation.
● ICHTHYOL® PALE reduces scaling of scalp skin
Excessive sebum secretion, fungal infections, and interaction of inflammatory processes are a few of the things that set off and adversely affect scaling issues of the scalp skin. An ideal answer for this disturbing issue is ensured by various activity standards. ICHTHYOL® PALE makes a significant contribution to helping dandruff reduction. Besides mitigating itching and inflammatory issues, it also controls the microbial activity on the scalp and controls excessive sebum production. It also controls excessive exfoliation of the scalp skin and brings down the enhanced cell turnover to a regular degree. ICHTHYOL® PALE, thus, can be referred to as the powerhouse and all-rounder ingredient that single-handedly and effectively manages dandruff.
● Zinc Pyrithione treats seborrheic dermatitis
For some time now, Zinc pyrithione has been an active material that has been utilised to treat dandruff and seborrheic dermatitis successfully. It has gained popularity and turned into a very well-known material for this reason. The naturally occurring antimicrobial aspergillus corrosive is what the rationally developed molecule, zinc pyrithione, is modelled after. The adequacy of zinc pyrithione is primarily based on two factors. To begin with, it has an extremely wide antimicrobial range of effectiveness, including parasites, fungi, etc. Second, the material has exceptionally low solvency, bringing about its effectiveness as a particulate material, which has particular benefits. The particles are retained on the objective skin surfaces even when used in wash-off items. These particles gradually discharge atomically dynamic material to interact with the surface parasitic and bacteria cells to control their populace, working to deliver persistent effects.
● Piroctone Olamine clears scalp
Dandruff can be a genuinely nasty thing and can even cost you your valuable locks. Be that as it may, piroctone olamine can be an answer for dandruff and other significant hair issues. Piroctone Olamine is a popular antifungal medication. The fact that it penetrates the cell membrane of the fungi to meddle with their energy metabolism and oxygen uptake increases its efficacy. This kills the organisms and clears up the contamination. It even provides conditioning to hair and can be the one-stop shop for many hair problems.
How to use a Dandruff Lotion?
There are numerous dandruff lotions available in the market. Each of them has different active ingredients that target the concern from a different angle. Therefore, the most definite way to make the most out of a dandruff lotion and reap all its benefits is to simply follow the instructions on the product bottle or the user manual provided with the product.